Curriculum Overview Subject: Science Course: Biology (222) Grade Level: 10




Essential Activities/Agreements


Students will:


·         examine systems from the molecular level, organ level, and at the level of organisms and populations

·         demonstrate a solid understanding of the processes of life

·         Explain why there are so many different kinds of organisms on earth

·         Explain why organisms of distantly related species share biochemical, anatomical, and functional characteristics

·         Explain why species become extinct, and how different kinds of organisms are related to one another.

·         make informed decisions related to their health, and to the health of the planet



Definition of life, Microscopy & Measurement, Descriptive chemistry


The Cell

Cell theory, Eukaryotic versus prokaryotic cells, Cell organelles, Plants and animals, Membranes, Transport



Multicellular organization, Nutrients, Mechanical versus chemical digestion


Circulation, Respiration, and Excretion

Components and functions of circulatory, respiratory, and excretory systems



Photosynthesis, respiration, ATP, Food webs


Evolution and Classification

Spontaneous generation, Evidence for evolution, Natural selection, Taxonomy



Mitosis, Meiosis, Gametogenesis, Fertilization, Human reproductive organs


Introduction to Genetics

Traits, Heredity, Mendelian Genetics, Dyhybrid cross, Incomplete dominance and Codominance, Multiple alleles, Sex linkage


Modern Genetics

DNA and RNA, Replication, Transcription, Translation, Mutation, and Evolution


Students Will:


·         Demonstrate proper use of microscope

·         Make careful measurements using the metric system

·         Use correct dissection techniques

·         Construct graphs and interpret data

·         Formulate a clear definition of life

·         Identify organelles

·         Measure/calculate the number of cells in the human body

·         Analyze trophic levels and construct food webs

·         Calculate energy flow through ecosystems

·         Use the scientific method including interpretation of experimental results

·         Distinguish between Darwinian and Lamarckian evolution

·         Construct dichotomous keys

·         Extrapolate data from observed specimens

·         Understand genetic (chromosomal) continuity of life

·         Analyze Punnett squares

·         Predict offspring of crosses

·         Perform calculations using ratios

·         Construct a human face from multiple independent traits

·         Analyze the structure of DNA and RNA

·         Demonstrate familiarity with genetic code

·         Understand protein synthesis

·         Understand mutation as a source of variation acted upon by natural selection

·         Understand DNA and the flow of life


Common Laboratory Experiments:


·         Introduction to the Microscope

·         Cell Types Lab

·         Diffusion Rate Lab

·         Osmosis Lab

·         Earthworm Dissection

·         Circulation Lab

·         Respiration Lab

·         Photosynthesis and Solar Energy Lab

·         Cell Respiration Lab

·         Mitotic Figures Lab

·         Extensive Dissection

·         Human Face Lab (Genetics)


Other Activities:


·         Molecular Modeling

·         Construction of a Food Web


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